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Aldh2

Official Full Name
aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 family (mitochondrial)
Background
This protein belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family of proteins. Aldehyde dehydrogenase is the second enzyme of the major oxidative pathway of alcohol metabolism. Two major liver isoforms of this enzyme, cytosolic and mitochondrial, can be distinguished by their electrophoretic mobilities, kinetic properties, and subcellular localizations. Most Caucasians have two major isozymes, while ~50% of Asians have only the cytosolic isozyme, missing the mitochondrial isozyme. A remarkably higher frequency of acute alcohol intoxication among Asians than among Caucasians could be related to the absence of the mitochondrial isozyme. This gene encodes a mitochondrial isoform, which has a low Km for acetaldehydes, and is localized in mitochondrial matrix.
Synonyms
ALDH2; aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 family (mitochondrial); aldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial; ALDH class 2; liver mitochondrial ALDH; acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2; nucleus-encoded mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2; ALDM; ALDHI; ALDH-E2; MGC1806

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