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TNF

Official Full Name
tumor necrosis factor
Background
This gene encodes a multifunctional proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily. This cytokine is mainly secreted by macrophages. It can bind to, and thus functions through its receptors TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. This cytokine is involved in the regulation of a wide spectrum of biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, and coagulation. This cytokine has been implicated in a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, insulin resistance, and cancer. Knockout studies in mice also suggested the neuroprotective function of this cytokine. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
TNF; tumor necrosis factor; DIF; TNFA; TNFSF2; TNF-alpha; TNF-a; cachectin; APC1 protein; TNF, monocyte-derived; TNF, macrophage-derived; tumor necrosis factor-alpha; tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2; TNFA, tumor necrosis factor (TNF superfamily, member 2); TNF superfamily; member 2; TNF alpha; TNF superfamily, member 2; tumor necrosis factor alpha

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