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CAD

Official Full Name
carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 2, aspartate transcarbamylase, and dihydroorotase
Background
The de novo synthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides is required for mammalian cells to proliferate. This gene encodes a trifunctional protein which is associated with the enzymatic activities of the first 3 enzymes in the 6-step pathway of pyrimidine biosynthesis: carbamoylphosphate synthetase (CPS II), aspartate transcarbamoylase, and dihydroorotase. This protein is regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, which indicates a direct link between activation of the MAPK cascade and de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides.
Synonyms
CAD; carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 2, aspartate transcarbamylase, and dihydroorotase; CAD protein; CAD trifunctional protein; multifunctional protein CAD; cb456; wu:fc30c12; wu:fc33d01; wu:fc67g02; si:dkey-221h15.3

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