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ATP5E

Official Full Name
ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, epsilon subunit
Background
This gene encodes a subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase. Mitochondrial ATP synthase catalyzes ATP synthesis, utilizing an electrochemical gradient of protons across the inner membrane during oxidative phosphorylation. ATP synthase is composed of two linked multi-subunit complexes: the soluble catalytic core, F1, and the membrane-spanning component, Fo, comprising the proton channel. The catalytic portion of mitochondrial ATP synthase consists of 5 different subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and epsilon) assembled with a stoichiometry of 3 alpha, 3 beta, and a single representative of the other 3. The proton channel consists of three main subunits (a, b, c). This gene encodes the epsilon subunit of the catalytic core. Two pseudogenes of this gene are located on chromosomes 4 and 13. Read-through transcripts that include exons from this gene are expressed from the upstream gene SLMO2.
Synonyms
ATP5E; ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, epsilon subunit; ATP synthase subunit epsilon, mitochondrial; F(0)F(1)-ATPase; mitochondrial ATPase; H(+)-transporting two-sector ATPase; mitochondrial ATP synthase epsilon chain; ATPE; MC5DN; si:ch211-122i22.5

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