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A1CF

Official Full Name
APOBEC1 complementation factor
Background
Mammalian apolipoprotein B mRNA undergoes site-specific C to U deamination, which is mediated by a multi-component enzyme complex containing a minimal core composed of APOBEC-1 and a complementation factor encoded by this gene. The gene product has three non-identical RNA recognition motifs and belongs to the hnRNP R family of RNA-binding proteins. It has been proposed that this complementation factor functions as an RNA-binding subunit and docks APOBEC-1 to deaminate the upstream cytidine. Studies suggest that the protein may also be involved in other RNA editing or RNA processing events. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and three full-length transcript variants, encoding three distinct isoforms, have been described. Additional splicing has been observed but the full-length nature of these variants has not been determined.
Synonyms
A1CF; APOBEC1 complementation factor; ACF; ACF64; ACF65; APOBEC1CF; ASP; apo-B RNA editing protein; APOBEC-1 stimulating protein; apobec-1 complementation factor (ACF) (ASP); RP11-564C4.2; MGC163391

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