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slc7a11

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Official Full Name
solute carrier family 7 (anionic amino acid transporter light chain, xc- system), member 11
Background
This gene encodes a member of a heteromeric, sodium-independent, anionic amino acid transport system that is highly specific for cysteine and glutamate. In this system, designated Xc(-), the anionic form of cysteine is transported in exchange for glutamate. This protein has been identified as the predominant mediator of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus fusion and entry permissiveness into cells. Also, increased expression of this gene in primary gliomas (compared to normal brain tissue) was associated with increased glutamate secretion via the XCT channels, resulting in neuronal cell death. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]
Synonyms
SLC7A11; solute carrier family 7 (anionic amino acid transporter light chain, xc- system), member 11; xCT; CCBR1; cystine/glutamate transporter; amino acid transport system xc-; solute carrier family 7 member 11; calcium channel blocker resistance protein CCBR1; solute carrier family 7, (cationic amino acid transporter, y+ system) member 11