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slc12a5

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Official Full Name
solute carrier family 12 (potassium/chloride transporter), member 5
Background
K-Cl cotransporters are proteins that lower intracellular chloride concentrations below the electrochemical equilibrium potential. The protein encoded by this gene is an integral membrane K-Cl cotransporter that can function in either a net efflux or influx pathway, depending on the chemical concentration gradients of potassium and chloride. The encoded protein can act as a homomultimer, or as a heteromultimer with other K-Cl cotransporters, to maintain chloride homeostasis in neurons. Alternative splicing results in two transcript variants encoding different isoforms.
Synonyms
SLC12A5; solute carrier family 12 (potassium/chloride transporter), member 5; solute carrier family 12 member 5; KCC2; KIAA1176; hKCC2; K-Cl cotransporter 2; neuronal K-Cl cotransporter; erythroid K-Cl cotransporter 2; electroneutral potassium-chloride co