This gene is a member of the homeobox family of genes that encode proteins containing a 60-amino acid residue motif that represents a DNA binding domain. Homeobox genes have been characterized extensively as transcriptional regulators involved in pattern formation in both invertebrate and vertebrate species. Several human genetic disorders are caused by aberrations in human homeobox genes. This locus represents a pseudoautosomal homeobox gene that is thought to be responsible for idiopathic short stature, and it is implicated in the short stature phenotype of Turner syndrome patients. This gene is considered to be a candidate gene for Cornelia de Lange syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.
SHOX2; short stature homeobox 2; short stature homeobox protein 2; OG12; OG12X; SHOT; Homeobox protein Og12X; OG 12; OG 12X; OGI 2X; OGI2X; Paired related homeobox protein SHOT; Paired-related homeobox protein SHOT; Short stature homeobox homolog; SHOX 2; SHOX homologous gene on chromosome 3; SHOX2_HUMAN; OTTHUMP00000213397; OTTHUMP00000213398; OTTHUMP00000213399; OTTHUMP00000245277; zgc:65884; zgc:77344