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rpe65

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Official Full Name
retinal pigment epithelium-specific protein 65kDa
Background
This gene encodes a protein which is located in the retinal pigment epithelium and is involved in the production of 11-cis retinal and in visual pigment regeneration. There are two forms of this protein, a soluble form called sRPE65, and a palmitoylated, membrane-bound form known as mRPE65. mRPE65 serves as the palmitoyl donor for lecithin retinol acyl transferase (LRAT), the enzyme that catalyzes the vitamin A to all trans retinol step of the chromophore regeneration process. Both mRPE65 and sRPE65 also serve as regulatory proteins, with the ratio and concentrations of these molecules playing a role in the inhibition of 11-cis retinal synthesis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Leber congenital amaurosis type 2 (LCA2) and retinitis pigmentosa. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
RPE65; retinal pigment epithelium-specific protein 65kDa; LCA2; RP20; rd12; mRPE65; sRPE65; retinoid isomerohydrolase; p63; retinol isomerase; RBP-binding membrane protein; all-trans-retinyl-palmitate hydrolase; retinitis pigmentosa 20 (autosomal recessive); retinal pigment epithelium-specific 65 kDa protein