NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) is a protein complex that controls the transcription of DNA. NF-κB is found in almost all animal cell types and is involved in cellular responses to stimuli such as stress, cytokines, free radicals, ultraviolet irradiation, oxidized LDL, and bacterial or viral antigens. NF-κB plays a key role in regulating the immune response to infection (kappa light chains are critical components of immunoglobulins). Incorrect regulation of NF-κB has been linked to cancer, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, septic shock, viral infection, and improper immune development. NF-κB has also been implicated in processes of synaptic plasticity and memory.
REL; C-Rel; proto-oncogene c-Rel; OTTHUMP00000159786; OTTHUMP00000201246; C-Rel proto-oncogene protein; oncogene REL, avian reticuloendotheliosis; v-rel avian reticuloendotheliosis viral; oncogene homolog; NFkB, c-Rel subunit; v-rel reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog (avian); v rel avian reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog; c Rel; I Rel; v-rel avian reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog; C-Rel, REL; p68; C-Rel protein; zgc:100833; v-rel reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog