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ptprs

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Official Full Name
protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, S
Background
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains an extracellular region, a single transmembrane segment and two tandem intracytoplasmic catalytic domains, and thus represents a receptor-type PTP. The extracellular region of this protein is composed of multiple Ig-like and fibronectin type III-like domains. Studies of the similar gene in mice suggested that this PTP may be involved in cell-cell interaction, primary axonogenesis, and axon guidance during embryogenesis. This PTP has been also implicated in the molecular control of adult nerve repair. Four alternatively spliced transcript variants, which encode distinct proteins, have been reported.
Synonyms
PTPRS; protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, S; receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase S; R-PTP-S; R-PTP-sigma; protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPsigma; receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase sigma; protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type; protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, sigma; PTPSIGMA; CRYPALPHA; receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase delta; phosphoprotein phosphatase; protein-tyrosine phosphatase CRYPalpha