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ptprk

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Official Full Name
protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, K
Background
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP possesses an extracellular region, a single transmembrane region, and two tandem catalytic domains, and thus represents a receptor-type PTP. The extracellular region contains a meprin-A5 antigen-PTP mu (MAM) domain, an Ig-like domain and four fibronectin type III-like repeats. This PTP was shown to mediate homophilic intercellular interaction, possibly through the interaction with beta- and gamma-catenin at adherens junctions. Expression of this gene was found to be stimulated by TGF-beta 1, which may be important for the inhibition of keratinocyte proliferation.
Synonyms
PTPRK; protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, K; receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase kappa; R PTP kappa; dJ480J14.2.1; DKFZp686C2268; DKFZp779N1045; OTTHUMP00000017180; OTTHUMP00000017181; OTTHUMP00000017182; OTTHUMP00000017187; OTTHUMP00000040306; Protein tyrosine phosphatase kappa; Protein tyrosine phosphatase kappa precursor; Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type K; Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type kappa; Protein-tyrosine phosphatase kappa; PTPK; PTPkappa; PTPRK_HUMAN; R-PTP-kappa; Receptor type tyrosine protein phosphatase kappa; OTTHUMP00000233054; OTTHUMP00000233055; OTTHUMP00000233080; protein-tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, kappa; dJ480J14.2.1 (protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, K (R-PTP-KAPPA, protein tyrosine phosphatase kappa , protein tyrosine phosphatase kappa