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ptprf

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Official Full Name
protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, F
Background
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP possesses an extracellular region, a single transmembrane region, and two tandem intracytoplasmic catalytic domains, and thus represents a receptor-type PTP. The extracellular region contains three Ig-like domains, and nine non-Ig like domains similar to that of neural-cell adhesion molecule. This PTP was shown to function in the regulation of epithelial cell-cell contacts at adherents junctions, as well as in the control of beta-catenin signaling. An increased expression level of this protein was found in the insulin-responsive tissue of obese, insulin-resistant individuals, and may contribute to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene, which encode distinct proteins, have been reported.
Synonyms
PTPRF; protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, F; LAR; receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase F; LCA-homolog; leukocyte common antigen related; leukocyte antigen-related (LAR) PTP receptor; leukocyte antigen-related tyrosine phosphatase; receptor-linked protein-tyrosine phosphatase LAR; protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, F polypeptide; FLJ43335; FLJ45062; FLJ45567