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ptpra

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Official Full Name
protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, A
Background
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains an extracellular domain, a single transmembrane segment and two tandem intracytoplasmic catalytic domains, and thus represents a receptor-type PTP. This PTP has been shown to dephosphorylate and activate Src family tyrosine kinases, and is implicated in the regulation of integrin signaling, cell adhesion and proliferation. Three alternatively spliced variants of this gene, which encode two distinct isoforms, have been reported.
Synonyms
PTPRA; protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, A; PTPA, PTPRL2; receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase alpha; HLPR; HPTPA; LRP; RPTPA; PTPase-alpha; PTPLCA-related phosphatase; tyrosine phosphatase alpha; protein-tyrosine phosphatase alpha; prote; protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, alpha polypeptide; Leukocyte common antigen-related peptide (protein tyrosine phosphate); PTPA; HEPTP; PTPRL2; HPTPalpha; R-PTP-alpha; protein-tyrosine-phosphatase alpha; protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type alpha; RPTP[a]; zf-RPTP[a]

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