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ptpn7

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Official Full Name
protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 7
Background
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This gene is preferentially expressed in a variety of hematopoietic cells, and is an early response gene in lymphokine stimulated cells. The non-catalytic N-terminus of this PTP can interact with MAP kinases and suppress the MAP kinase activities. This PTP was shown to be involved in the regulation of T cell antigen receptor (TCR) signaling, which was thought to function through dephosphorylating the molecules related to MAP kinase pathway. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene.
Synonyms
PTPN7; protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 7; tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 7; HEPTP; LC PTP; BPTP 4; BPTP4; Dual specificity phosphatase 1; Hematopoietic protein tyrosine phosphatase; Hematopoietic protein-tyrosine phosphatase; LCPTP; LPTP; Protein tyrosine phoshatase non receptor type stress induced; Protein tyrosine phoshatase nonreceptor type stress induced; Protein tyrosine phosphatase LC PTP; Protein tyrosine phosphatase non receptor type 7; Protein-tyrosine phosphatase LC-PTP; PTN7_HUMAN; PTPN 7; PTPNI; Tyrosine protein phosphatase non receptor type 7; protein-tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor-type, stress induced; BPTP-4; LC-PTP; FLJ18703