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ptk2b

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Official Full Name
protein tyrosine kinase 2 beta
Background
This gene encodes a cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinase which is involved in calcium-induced regulation of ion channels and activation of the map kinase signaling pathway. The encoded protein may represent an important signaling intermediate between neuropeptide-activated receptors or neurotransmitters that increase calcium flux and the downstream signals that regulate neuronal activity. The encoded protein undergoes rapid tyrosine phosphorylation and activation in response to increases in the intracellular calcium concentration, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor activation, membrane depolarization, or protein kinase C activation. This protein has been shown to bind CRK-associated substrate, nephrocystin, GTPase regulator associated with FAK, and the SH2 domain of GRB2. The encoded protein is a member of the FAK subfamily of protein tyrosine kinases but lacks significant sequence similarity to kinases from other subfamilies. Four transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
PTK2B; protein tyrosine kinase 2 beta; PKB; PTK; CAKB; FAK2; PYK2; CADTK; FADK2; RAFTK; protein-tyrosine kinase 2-beta; FADK 2; CAK-beta; protein kinase B; focal adhesion kinase 2; cell adhesion kinase beta; proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2; calcium-dependent tyrosine kinase; PTK2B protein tyrosine kinase 2 beta; related adhesion focal tyrosine kinase; calcium-regulated non-receptor proline-rich tyrosine kinase; FAK2, protein tyrosine kinase 2 beta