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psmb10

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Official Full Name
proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 10
Background
The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex with a highly ordered ring-shaped 20S core structure. The core structure is composed of 4 rings of 28 non-identical subunits; 2 rings are composed of 7 alpha subunits and 2 rings are composed of 7 beta subunits. Proteasomes are distributed throughout eukaryotic cells at a high concentration and cleave peptides in an ATP/ubiquitin-dependent process in a non-lysosomal pathway. An essential function of a modified proteasome, the immunoproteasome, is the processing of class I MHC peptides. This gene encodes a member of the proteasome B-type family, also known as the T1B family, that is a 20S core beta subunit. Proteolytic processing is required to generate a mature subunit. Expression of this gene is induced by gamma interferon, and this gene product replaces catalytic subunit 2 (proteasome beta 7 subunit) in the immunoproteasome.
Synonyms
PSMB10; proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 10; MECL1; proteasome subunit beta type-10; beta2i; LMP10; MGC1665; FLJ00366; Low molecular mass protein 10; Macropain subunit MECl 1; Macropain subunit MECl-1; Multicatalytic endopeptidase complex subunit MECl 1; Multicatalytic endopeptidase complex subunit MECl-1; OTTHUMP00000174858; Proteasome (prosome macropain) subunit beta type 10; Proteasome beta 10 subunit; Proteasome catalytic subunit 2i; Proteasome MECl 1; Proteasome MECl-1; Proteasome subunit beta 2i; Proteasome subunit beta 7i; Proteasome subunit beta type 10; Proteasome subunit beta-2i; Proteasome subunit MECL1; PSB10_HUMAN; PSMB 10; multicatalytic endop; psmb12; zgc:110363; prosome; macropain; proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, beta type, 12