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prkab2

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Official Full Name
protein kinase, AMP-activated, beta 2 non-catalytic subunit
Background
The protein encoded by this gene is a regulatory subunit of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK is a heterotrimer consisting of an alpha catalytic subunit, and non-catalytic beta and gamma subunits. AMPK is an important energy-sensing enzyme that monitors cellular energy status. In response to cellular metabolic stresses, AMPK is activated, and thus phosphorylates and inactivates acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and beta-hydroxy beta-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR), key enzymes involved in regulating de novo biosynthesis of fatty acid and cholesterol. This subunit may be a positive regulator of AMPK activity. It is highly expressed in skeletal muscle and thus may have tissue-specific roles.
Synonyms
PRKAB2; protein kinase, AMP-activated, beta 2 non-catalytic subunit; 5-AMP-activated protein kinase subunit beta-2; AMPK beta 2; AMPK beta-2 chain; AMPK subunit beta-2; 5-AMP-activated protein kinase, beta-2 subunit; MGC61468; AMPK beta-2; zgc:172285