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pla2g2d

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Official Full Name
phospholipase A2, group IID
Background
Phospholipases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic molecules. PLA is subdivided into PLA1 which cleave phospholipids at the sn-1 ester bond and PLA2, which cleave at the sn-2 bond. Their most common substrate is phosphatidylcholine, which generates lysophosphatidylcholine and arachidonic acid. PLA is regulated by phosphorylation and by intracellular Ca2+ concentrations. Phospholipases are ubiquitously expressed and have diverse biological functions including roles in inflammation, cell growth, signaling and death and maintenance of membrane phospholipids.
Synonyms
PLA2G2D; phospholipase A2, group IID; group IID secretory phospholipase A2; sPLA2S; PLA2IID; sPLA2-IID; GIID sPLA2; secretory phospholipase A2s; phosphatidylcholine 2-acylhydrolase 2D; secretory-type PLA, stroma-associated homolog; SPLASH