Phospholipase A2 (EC 188.8.131.52) catalyzes the release of fatty acids from glycero-3-phosphocholines. The best known;varieties are the digestive enzymes secreted as zymogens by the pancreas of mammals. Sequences of pancreatic PLA2;enzymes from a variety of mammals have been reported. One striking feature of these enzymes is their close homology to;venom phospholipases of snakes. Other forms of PLA2 have been isolated from brain, liver, lung, spleen, intestine,;macrophages, leukocytes, erythrocytes, inflammatory exudates, chondrocytes, and platelets (Seilhamer et al., 1986;(PubMed 3028739)) .
PLA2G1B; phospholipase A2, group IB (pancreas); PLA2, PLA2A, PPLA2; phospholipase A2; group IB phospholipase A2; phosphatidylcholine 2-acylhydrolase 1B; PLA2; PLA2A; PPLA2; MGC119834; MGC119835; phospholipase A2 group IB