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pcdhac2

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Official Full Name
protocadherin alpha subfamily C, 2
Background
This gene is a member of the protocadherin alpha gene cluster, one of three related gene clusters tandemly linked on chromosome five that demonstrate an unusual genomic organization similar to that of B-cell and T-cell receptor gene clusters. The alpha gene cluster is composed of 15 cadherin superfamily genes related to the mouse CNR genes and consists of 13 highly similar and 2 more distantly related coding sequences. The tandem array of 15 N-terminal exons, or variable exons, are followed by downstream C-terminal exons, or constant exons, which are shared by all genes in the cluster. The large, uninterrupted N-terminal exons each encode six cadherin ectodomains while the C-terminal exons encode the cytoplasmic domain. These neural cadherin-like cell adhesion proteins are integral plasma membrane proteins that most likely play a critical role in the establishment and function of specific cell-cell connections in the brain. Alternative splicing has been observed and additional variants have been suggested but their full-length nature has yet to be determined.
Synonyms
PCDHAC2; protocadherin alpha subfamily C, 2; protocadherin alpha-C2; PCDH ALPHA C2; MGC71598; PCDHAC 2; Protocadherin alpha C2; Protocadherin alpha subfamily C 2; OTTHUMP00000160007; PCDH-ALPHA-C2; PCHD; CNRC02; cadherin-related neuronal receptor c02