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nqo1

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Official Full Name
NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, quinone 1
Background
This gene is a member of the NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone) family and encodes a cytoplasmic 2-electron reductase. This FAD-binding protein forms homodimers and reduces quinones to hydroquinones. This proteins enzymatic activity prevents the one electron reduction of quinones that results in the production of radical species. Mutations in this gene have been associated with tardive dyskinesia (TD), an increased risk of hematotoxicity after exposure to benzene, and susceptibility to various forms of cancer. Altered expression of this protein has been seen in many tumors and is also associated with Alzheimers disease (AD). Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
NQO1; NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, quinone 1; DTD; QR1; DHQU; DIA4; NMOR1; NMORI; NAD(P)H dehydrogenase [quinone] 1; azoreductase; diaphorase-4; DT-diaphorase; dioxin-inducible 1; menadione reductase; quinone reductase 1; phylloquinone reductase; NAD(P)H:quinone oxireductase; NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1; NAD(P)H:menadione oxidoreductase 1; NAD(P)H:Quinone acceptor oxidoreductase type 1; diaphorase (NADH/NADPH) (cytochrome b-5 reductase); zgc:77191; wu:fb63c10