Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein that has had confusing nomenclature in the literature. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. Pseudogenes corresponding to this gene are found on chromosomes 3p, 5q, and 10q.
MRPS35; mitochondrial ribosomal protein S35; 28S ribosomal protein S35, mitochondrial; MDS023; MRPS28; mitochondrial; 28S ribosomal protein S28; 28S ribosomal protein S28, mitochondrial; 28S ribosomal protein S35; 28S ribosomal protein S35 mitochondrial precursor; DKFZp762P093; HDCMD11P; MGC104278; Mitochondrial ribosomal protein S28; MRP S28; MRP S35; MRP-S28; MRP-S35; MRPS 28; MRPS 35; OTTHUMP00000240420; OTTHUMP00000240422; OTTHUMP00000240424; PSEC0213; RT35_HUMAN; S28mt; S35mt; im:6894309; zgc:114150