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Mrps34

Official Full Name
mitochondrial ribosomal protein S34
Background
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein. Alternate splice variants of this gene have been described but their full-length nature has not been determined.
Synonyms
MRPS34; mitochondrial ribosomal protein S34; 28S ribosomal protein S34, mitochondrial; MGC2616; MRP S12; MRP S34; MRPS12; S34mt; MRP-S12; MRP-S34; fa19c10; wu:fa19c10; zgc:101877

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