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mrps34

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Official Full Name
mitochondrial ribosomal protein S34
Background
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein. Alternate splice variants of this gene have been described but their full-length nature has not been determined.
Synonyms
MRPS34; mitochondrial ribosomal protein S34; 28S ribosomal protein S34, mitochondrial; MGC2616; MRP S12; MRP S34; MRPS12; S34mt; MRP-S12; MRP-S34; fa19c10; wu:fa19c10; zgc:101877

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