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mrpl21

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Official Full Name
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L21
Background
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms were identified through sequence analysis although some may be subject to nonsense-mediated decay (NMD).
Synonyms
MRPL21; mitochondrial ribosomal protein L21; 39S ribosomal protein L21, mitochondrial; 39S ribosomal protein L21, mitochondrial precursor; mitochondrial; 39S ribosomal protein L21; L21mt; MGC62013; MRP L21; MRP-L21; RM21_HUMAN; zgc:153377

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