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mrpl12

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Official Full Name
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L12
Background
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein which forms homodimers. In prokaryotic ribosomes, two L7/L12 dimers and one L10 protein form the L8 protein complex.
Synonyms
MRPL12; mitochondrial ribosomal protein L12; RPML12; 39S ribosomal protein L12, mitochondrial; MRPL7; MRPL7/L12; MRP-L12; 5c5-2; L12mt; MRP-L31/34; MGC8610; FLJ60124; im:6893415; zgc:112445