Official Full Name
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L1
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein that belongs to the L1 ribosomal protein family.
MRPL1; mitochondrial ribosomal protein L1; 39S ribosomal protein L1, mitochondrial; BM022; mitochondrial; 39S ribosomal protein L1; 39S ribosomal protein L1, mitochondrial precursor; L1mt; MRP L1; MRP-L1; RM01_HUMAN; OTTHUMP00000160703; OTTHUMP00000219156; FLJ96680; si:dkey-58f10.1