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mme

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Official Full Name
membrane metallo-endopeptidase
Background
This gene encodes a common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen that is an important cell surface marker in the diagnosis of human acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). This protein is present on leukemic cells of pre-B phenotype, which represent 85% of cases of ALL. This protein is not restricted to leukemic cells, however, and is found on a variety of normal tissues. It is a glycoprotein that is particularly abundant in kidney, where it is present on the brush border of proximal tubules and on glomerular epithelium. The protein is a neutral endopeptidase that cleaves peptides at the amino side of hydrophobic residues and inactivates several peptide hormones including glucagon, enkephalins, substance P, neurotensin, oxytocin, and bradykinin. This gene, which encodes a 100-kD type II transmembrane glycoprotein, exists in a single copy of greater than 45 kb. The 5 untranslated region of this gene is alternatively spliced, resulting in four separate mRNA transcripts. The coding region is not affected by alternative splicing. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
MME; membrane metallo-endopeptidase; NEP; SFE; CD10; CALLA; neprilysin; enkephalinase; atriopeptidase; neprilysin-390; neprilysin-411; skin fibroblast elastase; neutral endopeptidase 24.11; membrane metallo-endopeptidase variant 1; membrane metallo-endopeptidase variant 2; common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen; membrane metallo-endopeptidase (neutral endopeptidase, enkephalinase); membrane metallo-endopeptidase (neutral endopeptidase, enkephalinase, CALLA, CD10); neutral endopeptidase