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mgst1

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Official Full Name
microsomal glutathione S-transferase 1
Background
The MAPEG (Membrane Associated Proteins in Eicosanoid and Glutathione metabolism) family consists of six human proteins, two of which are involved in the production of leukotrienes and prostaglandin E, important mediators of inflammation. Other family members, demonstrating glutathione S-transferase and peroxidase activities, are involved in cellular defense against toxic, carcinogenic, and pharmacologically active electrophilic compounds. This gene encodes a protein that catalyzes the conjugation of glutathione to electrophiles and the reduction of lipid hydroperoxides. This protein is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum and outer mitochondrial membrane where it is thought to protect these membranes from oxidative stress. Four transcript variants of this gene encode one protein isoform.
Synonyms
MGST1; microsomal glutathione S-transferase 1; GST12; MGST I; Glutathione S transferase 12; MGST 1; MGST; MGST1_HUMAN; Microsomal GST 1; Microsomal GST-1; Microsomal GST-I; glutathione S-transferase 12; MGST-I