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med12

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Official Full Name
mediator complex subunit 12
Background
The initiation of transcription is controlled in part by a large protein assembly known as the preinitiation complex. A component of this preinitiation complex is a 1.2 MDa protein aggregate called Mediator. This Mediator component binds with a CDK8 subcomplex which contains the protein encoded by this gene, mediator complex subunit 12 (MED12), along with MED13, CDK8 kinase, and cyclin C. The CDK8 subcomplex modulates Mediator-polymerase II interactions and thereby regulates transcription initiation and reinitation rates. The MED12 protein is essential for activating CDK8 kinase. Defects in this gene cause X-linked Opitz-Kaveggia syndrome, also known as FG syndrome, and Lujan-Fryns syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2009]
Synonyms
MED12; mediator complex subunit 12; OKS; FGS1; HOPA; OPA1; OHDOX; ARC240; CAGH45; MED12S; TNRC11; TRAP230; mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription subunit 12; CAG repeat protein 45; human opposite paired; OPA-containing protein; putative mediator subunit 12; activator-recruited cofactor 240 kDa component; trinucleotide repeat-containing gene 11 protein; thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein, 230 kDa subunit; mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription, subunit 12 homolog; thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein complex 230 kDa component; trinucleotide repeat containing 11 (THR-associated protein, 230 kDa subunit); kgt; kto; shr; shiri; kohtalo; king tut; mot_m807; motionless; protein kohtalo; protein motionless; thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein 230; media