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Official Full Name
leukemia inhibitory factor
Background
LIF (Leukocyte inhibitory factor) is produced by various fibroblast cell lines, antigen-stimulated alloreactive T-lymphocytes, mitogen-activated spleen cells, and Krebs and Ehrlich ascites cells. It is also produced by monocytes after cell activation. This factor inhibits the random and directed migration of polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes. LIF also induces specific granule secretion by PMNs and potentiates many responses mediated by the chemotactic compound fMLP (formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine). It activates human neutrophils and macrophages to release leukotriene B4 and thromboxanes.
Synonyms
LIF; leukemia inhibitory factor; CDF; cholinergic differentiation factor; DIA; differentiation inhibitory activity; differentiation inducing factor; hepatocyte stimulating factor III; HILDA; human interleukin in DA cells; D factor; melanoma-derived LPL inhibitor; differentiation-inducing factor; hepatocyte-stimulating factor III; differentiation-stimulating factor; MLPLI