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htr2c

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Official Full Name
5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 2C, G protein-coupled
Background
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT), a neurotransmitter, elicits a wide array of physiological effects by binding to several receptor subtypes, including the 5-HT2 family of seven-transmembrane-spanning, G-protein-coupled receptors, which activate phospholipase C and D signaling pathways. This gene encodes the 2C subtype of serotonin receptor and its mRNA is subject to multiple RNA editing events, where genomically encoded adenosine residues are converted to inosines. RNA editing is predicted to alter amino acids within the second intracellular loop of the 5-HT2C receptor and generate receptor isoforms that differ in their ability to interact with G proteins and the activation of phospholipase C and D signaling cascades, thus modulating serotonergic neurotransmission in the central nervous system. Studies in rodents show altered patterns of RNA editing in response to drug treatments and stressful situations.
Synonyms
HTR2C; 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 2C, G protein-coupled; 5 hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 2C , HTR1C; 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2C; 5 HT2C; 5-HT1C; 5-HT-1C; 5-HT-2C; serotonin receptor 2C; serotonin 5-HT-2C receptor; 5-hydroxytryp