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hla-dqa1

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Official Full Name
Homo sapiens major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alp DNA.
Background
HLA-DQA1 belongs to the HLA class II alpha chain paralogues. The class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DQA) and a beta chain (DQB), both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells. The alpha chain is approximately 33-35 kDa. It is encoded by 5 exons; exon 1 encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, and exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DQ molecule both the alpha chain and the beta chain contain the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities, resulting in up to four different molecules. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow transplantation.
Synonyms
CD; GSE; DQ-A1; CELIAC1; HLA-DQA; FLJ27088; FLJ27328; MGC149527; HLA-DQA1; HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DQ alpha 1 chain; HLA-DCA; DC-alpha; DC-1 alpha chain; MHC HLA-DQ alpha; MHC class II DQA1; MHC class II antigen; leucocyte antigen DQA1; MHC class II HLA-DQ-alpha-1; leukocyte antigen alpha chain; MHC class II surface glycoprotein; MHC class II HLA-D alpha glycoprotein; HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DQ(W3) alpha chain; major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 1; HLA DQA