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gstm4

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Official Full Name
glutathione S-transferase mu 4
Background
Cytosolic and membrane-bound forms of glutathione S-transferase are encoded by two distinct supergene families. At present, eight distinct classes of the soluble cytoplasmic mammalian glutathione S-transferases have been identified: alpha, kappa, mu, omega, pi, sigma, theta and zeta. This gene encodes a glutathione S-transferase that belongs to the mu class. The mu class of enzymes functions in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds, including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs, environmental toxins and products of oxidative stress, by conjugation with glutathione. The genes encoding the mu class of enzymes are organized in a gene cluster on chromosome 1p13.3 and are known to be highly polymorphic. These genetic variations can change an individuals susceptibility to carcinogens and toxins as well as affect the toxicity and efficacy of certain drugs. Diversification of these genes has occurred in regions encoding substrate-binding domains, as well as in tissue expression patterns, to accommodate an increasing number of foreign compounds. Multiple transcript variants, each encoding a distinct protein isoform, have been identified.
Synonyms
GSTM4; glutathione S-transferase mu 4; glutathione S transferase M4; Glutathione S transferase Mu 4; GST class mu 4; GST class-mu 4; GST-Mu2; GSTM4 4; GSTM4-4; GSTM4_HUMAN; GTM4; GTS Mu2; MGC131945; MGC9247; GTS-Mu2; OTTHUMP00000013356; OTTHUMP00000013358; glutathione S-transferase M4; glutathione S-aryltransferase M4; glutathione S-alkyltransferase M4; glutathione S-aralkyltransferase M4; S-(hydroxyalkyl)glutath; S-(hydroxyalkyl)glutathione lyase M4; GTM4, GSTM4-4, GSTM4