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grik2

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Official Full Name
glutamate receptor, ionotropic, kainate 2
Background
Glutamate receptors are the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the mammalian brain and are activated in a variety of normal neurophysiologic processes. This gene product belongs to the kainate family of glutamate receptors, which are composed of four subunits and function as ligand-activated ion channels. The subunit encoded by this gene is subject to RNA editing at multiple sites within the first and second transmembrane domains, which is thought to alter the structure and function of the receptor complex. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have also been described for this gene. Mutations in this gene have been associated with autosomal recessive mental retardation.
Synonyms
GRIK2; glutamate receptor, ionotropic, kainate 2; GLUR6; glutamate receptor, ionotropic kainate 2; MRT6; gluR-6; bA487F5.1; OTTHUMP00000017949; OTTHUMP00000017950; OTTHUMP00000017951; glutamate receptor 6; glutamate receptor form A; glutamate receptor form B; glutamate receptor form C; glutamate receptor form D; glutamate recep; EAA4; GLR6; GLUK6; GluK2; glutamate receptor form E; excitatory amino acid receptor 4; MGC74427; EAA4, GLR6, MRT6, GLUK6, GLUR6, GluK2; GRIK5