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gpd1

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Official Full Name
glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (soluble)
Background
This gene encodes a member of the NAD-dependent glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family. The encoded protein plays a critical role in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism by catalyzing the reversible conversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and reduced nicotine adenine dinucleotide (NADH) to glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) and NAD+. The encoded cytosolic protein and mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase also form a glycerol phosphate shuttle that facilitates the transfer of reducing equivalents from the cytosol to mitochondria. Mutations in this gene are a cause of transient infantile hypertriglyceridemia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]
Synonyms
GPD1; glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (soluble); GPD-C; HTGTI; GPDH-C; glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase [NAD(+)], cytoplasmic; glycerophosphate dehydrogenase; glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase [NAD+], cytoplasmic; FLJ26652; GPD-C, HTGTI, GPDH-C