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gdf2

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Official Full Name
growth differentiation factor 2
Background
Growth differentiation factor 2 (GDF2) also known as bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-9 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GDF2 gene. GDF2 belongs to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily. GDF2 has a role in inducing and maintaining the ability of embryonic basal forebrain cholinergic neurons (BFCN) to respond to a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine; BFCN are important for the processes of learning, memory and attention.[2] GDF2 is also important for the maturation of BFCN. Another role of GDF2 has been recently suggested. GDF2 is a potent inducer of hepcidin (a cationic peptide that has a antimicrobial properties) in liver cells (hepatocytes) and can regulate iron metabolism.[3] The physiological receptor of GDF2 is thought to be activin receptor-like kinase 1, ALK1 (also called ACVRL1), an endothelial-specific type I receptor of the TGF-beta receptor family. GDF2 is one of the most potent BMPs to induce orthotopic bone formation in vivo. BMP3, a blocker of most BMPs seems not to affect GDF2.
Synonyms
BMP-9; BMP9; GDF2; growth differentiation factor 2; GDF-2; bone morphogenetic protein 9; growth/differentiation factor 2; Human BMP9 ELISA KIT; Human; BMP9 ELISA KIT; ELISA KIT; BMP9 ELISA; KIT; ELISA; DSL1; dorsalin-1; DSL-1