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Official Full Name
glycine C-acetyltransferase
Background
The degradation of L-threonine to glycine consists of a two-step biochemical pathway involving the enzymes L-threonine dehydrogenase and 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate coenzyme A ligase. L-Threonine is first converted into 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate by L-threonine dehydrogenase. This gene encodes the second enzyme in this pathway, which then catalyzes the reaction between 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate and coenzyme A to form glycine and acetyl-CoA. The encoded enzyme is considered a class II pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent aminotransferase. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A pseudogene of this gene is found on chromosome 14.
Synonyms
GCAT; glycine C-acetyltransferase; glycine C acetyltransferase (2 amino 3 ketobutyrate coenzyme A ligase); 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate coenzyme A ligase, mitochondrial; 2 amino 3 ketobutyrate coenzyme A ligase; KBL; AKB ligase; aminoacetone synthase; glycine a; glycine acetyltransferase; 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate-CoA ligase; MGC23053

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