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galnt4

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Official Full Name
polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4
Background
This gene encodes a member of the UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GalNAc-T) family of enzymes. GalNAc-Ts initiate mucin-type O-linked glycosylation in the Golgi apparatus by catalyzing the transfer of GalNAc to serine and threonine residues on target proteins. They are characterized by an N-terminal transmembrane domain, a stem region, a lumenal catalytic domain containing a GT1 motif and Gal/GalNAc transferase motif, and a C-terminal ricin/lectin-like domain. GalNAc-Ts have different, but overlapping, substrate specificities and patterns of expression. In vitro, the encoded protein can complement other GalNAc-Ts in the complete O-glycosylation of the mucin-1 tandem repeat and can O-glycosylate the P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 molecule. The coding region of this gene is contained within a single exon. Fusion transcripts, which combine part of this gene with the 5 exons of the neighboring POC1B (POC1 centriolar protein homolog B) gene, also exist.
Synonyms
GALNT4; UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4 (GalNAc-T4); polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4; GalNAc T4; EC 2.4.1.41; GalNAc transferase 4; GalNAc-T4; GalNAcT4; GALT4_HUMAN; N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4 (GalNAc-T4); Polypeptide GalNAc transferase 4; pp GaNTase 4; pp-GaNTase 4; Protein UDP acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4; Protein-UDP acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4; UDP GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4; UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4; UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide; FLJ93314