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gad2

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Official Full Name
glutamate decarboxylase 2 (pancreatic islets and brain, 65kDa)
Background
Adults express two forms of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), GAD65 and GAD67, which are encoded by different independently regulated genes. Both are expressed in most GABA containing neurons. GAD65 appears to be targeted to the membrane and nerve endings; while GAD67 is more widely distributed throughout the cell. GAD65 preferentially synthesizes GABA for vesicular release and GAD67 preferentially synthesizes cytoplasmic GABA. GAD65 is predominantly expressed in pancreatic beta cells and autoantibodies to GAD65 are strongly associated with Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IMDM).
Synonyms
GAD2; glutamate decarboxylase 2 (pancreatic islets and brain, 65kDa); glutamate decarboxylase 2 (pancreatic islets and brain, 65kD); glutamate decarboxylase 2; GAD65; GAD-65; 65 kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase; Glutamate decarboxylase-2 (pancreas); glutamate decarboxylase 65 kDa isoform; MGC161605; MGC161607; zgc:112198