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fth1

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Official Full Name
ferritin, heavy polypeptide 1
Background
This gene encodes the heavy subunit of ferritin, the major intracellular iron storage protein in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. It is composed of 24 subunits of the heavy and light ferritin chains. Variation in ferritin subunit composition may affect the rates of iron uptake and release in different tissues. A major function of ferritin is the storage of iron in a soluble and nontoxic state. Defects in ferritin proteins are associated with several neurodegenerative diseases. This gene has multiple pseudogenes. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed, but their biological validity has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
FTH1; ferritin, heavy polypeptide 1; FHC; FTH; HFE5; PLIF; FTHL6; PIG15; ferritin heavy chain; apoferritin; ferritin H subunit; placenta immunoregulatory factor; proliferation-inducing protein 15; cell proliferation-inducing gene 15 protein; proliferation inducing protein 15; MGC104426; HFt; MFH; ferritin H chain