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dsp

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Official Full Name
desmoplakin
Background
Desmosomes are intercellular junctions that tightly link adjacent cells. Desmoplakin is an obligate component of functional desmosomes that anchors intermediate filaments to desmosomal plaques. The N-terminus of desmoplakin is required for localization to the desmosome and interacts with the N-terminal region of plakophilin 1 and plakoglobin. The C-terminus of desmoplakin binds with intermediate filaments. In the mid-region of desmoplakin, a coiled-coiled rod domain is responsible for homodimerization. Mutations in this gene are the cause of several cardiomyopathies and keratodermas as well as the autoimmune disease paraneoplastic pemphigus. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
DSP; desmoplakin; DP; DPI; DPII; desmoplakin I; desmoplakin II; 250/210 kDa paraneoplastic pemphigus antigen