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cyp19a1

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Official Full Name
cytochrome P450, family 19, subfamily A, polypeptide 1
Background
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and catalyzes the last steps of estrogen biosynthesis, three successive hydroxylations of the A ring of androgens. Mutations in this gene can result in either increased or decreased aromatase activity; the associated phenotypes suggest that estrogen functions both as a sex steroid hormone and in growth or differentiation. The gene expresses two transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
CYP19A1; cytochrome P450, family 19, subfamily A, polypeptide 1; ARO; ARO1; CPV1; CYAR; CYP19; CYPXIX; P-450AROM; aromatase; estrogen synthase; estrogen synthetase; cytochrome P-450AROM; cytochrome P450 19A1; microsomal monooxygenase; flavoprotein-linked monooxygenase; cytochrome P450, subfamily XIX (aromatization of androgens); CYP19, cytochrome P450, subfamily XIX (aromatization of androgens); P 450AROM; MGC104309; ARO, ARO1, CPV1, CYAR, CYP19, CYPXIX, P-450AROM