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chm

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Official Full Name
choroideremia (Rab escort protein 1)
Background
This gene encodes component A of the RAB geranylgeranyl transferase holoenzyme. In the dimeric holoenzyme, this subunit binds unprenylated Rab GTPases and then presents them to the catalytic Rab GGTase subunit for the geranylgeranyl transfer reaction. Rab GTPases need to be geranylgeranyled on either one or two cysteine residues in their C-terminus to localize to the correct intracellular membrane. Mutations in this gene are a cause of choroideremia; also known as tapetochoroidal dystrophy (TCD). This X-linked disease is characterized by progressive dystrophy of the choroid, retinal pigment epithelium and retina. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms.
Synonyms
CHM; choroideremia (Rab escort protein 1); DXS540, TCD; rab proteins geranylgeranyltransferase component A 1; REP 1; rab escort protein 1; choroideraemia protein; Rab geranylgeranyltransferase component A; TCD; GGTA; REP-1; DXS540; HSD-32; FLJ38564; MGC10; CHML; rab proteins geranylgeranyltransferase component A 2; choroideremia-like (Rab escort protein 2); REP1

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