The CD8 antigen is a cell surface glycoprotein found on most cytotoxic T lymphocytes that mediates efficient cell-cell interactions within the immune system. The CD8 antigen acts as a coreceptor with the T-cell receptor on the T lymphocyte to recognize antigens displayed by an antigen presenting cell in the context of class I MHC molecules. The coreceptor functions as either a homodimer composed of two alpha chains or as a heterodimer composed of one alpha and one beta chain. Both alpha and beta chains share significant homology to immunoglobulin variable light chains. This gene encodes the CD8 alpha chain. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
CD8A; CD8a molecule; CD8, CD8 antigen, alpha polypeptide (p32) , T cell surface glycoprotein CD8 alpha chain; T-cell surface glycoprotein CD8 alpha chain; T8 T-cell antigen; T cell co-receptor; OKT8 T-cell antigen; T-cell antigen Leu2; Leu2 T-lymphocyte; CD8; CD8 antigen alpha polypeptide; CD8 alpha chain; T-cell surface molecule; CD8 antigen, alpha polypeptide (p32); zgc:136643; CD8 alpha; CD8 antigen, alpha polypeptide