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cd146

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Official Full Name
melanoma cell adhesion molecule
Background
Plays a role in cell adhesion, and in cohesion of the endothelial monolayer at intercellular junctions in vascular tissue. Its expression may allow melanoma cells to interact with cellular elements of the vascular system, thereby enhancing hematogeneous tumor spread. Could be an adhesion molecule active in neural crest cells during embryonic development. Acts as surface receptor that triggers tyrosine phosphorylation of FYN and PTK2, and a transient increase in the intracellular calcium concentration.
Synonyms
MCAM; melanoma cell adhesion molecule; cell surface glycoprotein MUC18; CD146; Gicerin; MUC18; melanoma adhesion molecule; cell surface glycoprotein P1H12; melanoma-associated antigen A32; melanoma-associated antigen MUC18; S-endo 1 endothelial-associated antigen; HEMCAM