Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 11 (CCL11) is a small cytokine belonging to the CC chemokine family that is also known as eotaxin-1. CCL11 selectively recruits eosinophils by inducing their chemotaxis, and therefore, is implicated in allergic responses. The effects of CCL11 are mediated by its binding to a G-protein-linked receptor known as a chemokine receptor. Chemokine receptors for which CCL11 is a ligand include CCR2, CCR3 and CCR5. However, it has been found that eotaxin-1 (CCL11) has high degree selectivity for its receptor, such that they are inactive on neutrophils and monocytes, which do not express CCR3. The gene for human CCL11 (scya11) is encoded on three exons and is located on chromosome 17.
Ccl11; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 11; Scya11; eotaxin; eotaxin-1; MGC22554; small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys), member 11 (eotaxin); small inducible cytokine A11; C-C motif chemokine 11; Eosinophil chemotactic protein; SCYA11, small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys Cys), member 11 (eotaxin); eotaxin 1; small-inducible cytokine A11