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azu1

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Official Full Name
azurocidin 1
Background
Azurophil granules, specialized lysosomes of the neutrophil, contain at least 10 proteins implicated in the killing of microorganisms. The protein encoded by this gene is an azurophil granule antibiotic protein, with monocyte chemotactic and antibacterial activity. It is also an important multifunctional inflammatory mediator. This encoded protein is a member of the serine protease gene family but it is not a serine proteinase, because the active site serine and histidine residues are replaced. The genes encoding this protein, neutrophil elastase 2, and proteinase 3 are in a cluster located at chromosome 19pter. All 3 genes are expressed coordinately and their protein products are packaged together into azurophil granules during neutrophil differentiation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
AZU1; azurocidin 1; AZU; HBP; NAZC; AZAMP; CAP37; HUMAZUR; azurocidin; neutrophil azurocidin; heparin-binding protein; cationic antimicrobial protein 37; cationic antimicrobial protein CAP37; heparin binding protein

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