The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this enzyme family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. This encoded protein, consisting of several homo- and heterodimers of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits, exhibits high activity for ethanol oxidation and plays a major role in ethanol catabolism. Three genes encoding alpha, beta and gamma subunits are tandemly organized in a genomic segment as a gene cluster.
ADH1B; alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (class I), beta polypeptide; ADH2; alcohol dehydrogenase 1B; ADH beta subunit; ADH1B_HUMAN; alcohol dehydrogenase 2 (class I), beta polypeptide; Alcohol dehydrogenase 2; Alcohol dehydrogenase subunit beta; Aldehyde reductase; DKFZp686C06125; OTTHUMP00000220192; ADH, beta subunit