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acp1

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Official Full Name
acid phosphatase 1, soluble
Background
The product of this gene belongs to the phosphotyrosine protein phosphatase family of proteins. It functions as an acid phosphatase and a protein tyrosine phosphatase by hydrolyzing protein tyrosine phosphate to protein tyrosine and orthophosphate. This enzyme also hydrolyzes orthophosphoric monoesters to alcohol and orthophosphate. This gene is genetically polymorphic, and three common alleles segregating at the corresponding locus give rise to six phenotypes. Each allele appears to encode at least two electrophoretically different isozymes, Bf and Bs, which are produced in allele-specific ratios. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene.
Synonyms
ACP1; acid phosphatase 1, soluble; low molecular weight phosphotyrosine protein phosphatase; LMW-PTP; LMW-PTPase; adipocyte acid phosphatase; red cell acid phosphatase 1; protein tyrosine phosphatase; acid phosphatase of erythrocyte; cytoplasmic phosphoty; cytoplasmic phosphotyrosyl protein phosphatase; low molecular weight cytosolic acid phosphatase; HAAP; MGC3499; MGC111030; im:6910498; zgc:110844